2020 Standard Mileage Rates

The IRS on December 31, 2019 released the 2020 optional standard mileage rates that will be used to calculate the deductible costs of automobile operation for

  • Business purposes
  • Charitable purposes
  • Medical purposes
  • Moving purposes

Starting on Jan. 1, 2020, the standard mileage rate for the use of a car, vans, pickups or panel trucks will be:

  • 57.5 cents per mile for business miles driven. The 2019 rate was 58 cents.
  • 17 cents per mile driven for medical or moving purposes. In 2019, this rate was 20 cents.
  • 14 cents per mile driven in service of charitable organizations. 

The business mileage rate decreased 0.5 cent per mile in 2020 based an annual study of fixed and variable costs of operating an automobile.  Furthermore, the medical and moving expense rates decreased by 3 cent per mile in 2020 based on variable costs.  The charitable rate is set by the statute and remains unchanged.  

Taxpayers aren’t required to use the standard mileage rates, they also have the option of calculating the actual costs of using their vehicle.  There is certain limitations regarding using the standard mileage rates.  The standard mileage rates can’t be used for more than four vehicles per IRS rules.  Also, a taxpayer can’t use the standard mileage rates, if any depreciation method under the following was used:  

  • Modified Accelerated Cost Recovery System (MACRS)
  • After claiming Section 179 deduction

For more information about standard mileage rates, please contact us at 312.924.2811

Sources: Rev. Proc. 2010-51 and Notice 2020-05


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